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Brief History of Torrox Town

Brief History of Torrox Town

Torrox town has diverse origins and all of them point to the fact it’s an old town where rich history lurks. One of the most popular is that a polished stone axe associated with the Neolithic period was discovered in Los Casarones, an area sitting roughly two kilometres to the north of Torrox. The discovery birthed the belief that the area was home to prehistoric settlements.

Some scholars also believe that Phoenicians colonised the land at the time. But the discovery of a site named El Faro brought in a new perspective. Many pieces closely linked to Caviclum, an old Roman city, were found at the site meaning Romans too settled here.

Another account is that experts believe Torrox to be HisnTurrus, a site where Abd-ar-Rahman III’s army triumphed over Umar ibnHafsun in 914. Umar ibnHafsun was a leader of the Christian faith who opposed the Umayyad Dynasty. After the defeat, Torrox area got annexed to Frigiliana and this lasted for the entire time the Muslim conquered part of Spain.

Torrox had a significant role in the development of the silk industry. This was when Almanzor reigned. He was born in Torrox and besides being the Governor of Seville, he also commanded Muslim troops and distant cities such as Leon, Zamora and Santiago de Compostela.

The fight for land between Muslims and Christians didn’t stop. After five centuries, Christians re-grouped and seized back Valez Malaga. This was during the Reconquista. Not all villages surrendered peacefully though, some did put up a resistance.

On the 29th of June, 1487, Torrox capitulated to Christians but a year later, an uprising led by El Zagal led to the village being taken back to the Muslims. Months later, the Christians took it back and this marked the end of the back-and-forth fight over it.

In 1568, the Moorish riot erupted. At the time, the population comprised half old Christians and the other half Moors. The majority of these population took part in the El Penon Uprising in Frigiliana. But by 1571, Granada’s Holy Office Court had prosecuted over 22 insurgent. And the manner in which the insurrection was tackled led to the majority of the Muslims running for their lives.

Sugar cane production dominated Torrox’s economy in the 18th Century. Well over 80 % of the arable land was taken up by Sugar cane and this led to the setting up of two major sugar mills. Unfortunately, four years later, there was a yellow fever outbreak. A large section of the entire population was wiped out as a result and even those who survived found themselves battling French troops who had stormed the area. The Napoleonic war was on.

Luckily, the troops had left Torrox in 1812 but they left behind really huge damages including blowing up the town’s castle. As if this wasn’t enough, two earthquakes rocked the town and took the damage to a whole new level. These are the two famous earthquakes of the 19th Century that shook all of Southern Spain.

Generally, Torrox has a rich historical past and it isn’t hard to tell why its main attractions include historical monuments.